Obesity and Health Risks

Obesity and Health Risks

Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and usually has some clearly measurable consequences, like worsening of the life quality.

High BMI (above 30) provides a negative impact on physical and psychological state of children, teenagers and adults of both genders.

Even timely diagnosis of obesity generates significant direct and indirect costs on treatment of this disease and its comorbidities.

Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of deviations in the body functions that often become the reason of visceral and subcutaneous obesity. At the same time, overweight and obesity violate the metabolism of macro- and micro-elements, which may cause and develop the metabolic syndrome.

Visceral obesity is characterized by a low level of HDL cholesterol and high level of triglycerides. In addition, metabolic syndrome may cause diseases, associated with high blood pressure (like hypertension), high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) and others.

Cardiovascular diseases

Obesity provokes a severe impact on the work of the cardiovascular system. Overweight people are at much greater risk of acute violation of cerebral circulation and irreversible necrosis of the heart muscle than healthy people are. High blood pressure is a pathology almost every obese patient has.

The higher the BMI, the harder it becomes for a patient’s cardiovascular system to function properly. The greatest danger for heart is caused by a visceral obesity when all internal organs are covered with adipose tissue. Sometimes, to improve the heart muscle function, patients go through surgeries. Such treatment is recommended as a therapy of severe obesity.

Other common diseases

Obesity and overweight affect the work of all organs and systems in the body and can put a patient’s health at risk. Thus, overweight people are potentially prone to type 2 diabetes, some forms of cancer, disorders of the musculoskeletal system, cirrhosis, subfertility, depression, low self-esteem and many other diseases and pathologies.

The thing that obesity can affect the quality of life and the lifespan seems to be a fact. However, this is being discussed and disputed for decades. The World Health Organization underlines the importance of timely prevention and treatment of obesity to improve health and increase the lifespan of people.