Clinical classification of obesity
Long-standing practice of treatment of obesity and overweight has allowed to develop several classifications of obesity. Clinical classes of obesity are most often used by experts to reduce body weight.
Obesity in children and young people is often associated with hereditary syndromes (e.g. Alstrom, Biemond type 2, Borjeson, Wiedemann-Beckwith, Down’s syndrome, Carpenter and Pickwick. Hereditary syndromes include the following symptoms of obesity:
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus, neurosensory deafness, atypical pigmentary retinal, degeneration.
- Mental retardation, growth retardation, hypoglycemia, gigantism, hypotonia, and resistance to growth hormone.
- Drowsiness, dystrophy, neck movement disorder due to the fat deposition in this area, respiratory failure.
Obesity in adults can appear at any age, as well as it can be caused by the following diseases and pathologies: primary hyperparathyroidism, Cushing’s disease and Cushing’s syndrome, cardiometabolic disorders, type II diabetes and the Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
Clinical classification of obesity includes the following disorders and processes:
- Transition from puberty to old age.
- Various metabolic disorders.
- Excessive and multifocal fat deposition.
- Neuropsychiatric disorders.
- Obesity during pregnancy.
- Iatrogenic obesity associated with the use of medicinal drugs.
Nowadays, obesity has become one of the most relevant problems of all humanity. The number of people, suffering from this disease continues to grow year by year. Even in such developed countries like the USA and Canada, at least 35% of population has to deal with this malaise.
Obesity contributes to such disorders as:
- Gastrointestinal diseases (gastritis, cholecystitis, stomach ulcer and others).
- Infertility and urogenital disorders
- High blood pressure
- Blood vessel disorders (atherosclerosis, thromboangiitis obliterans(TAO), thrombophlebitis and varicosity)
- Heart diseases (stroke, heart attack and ischemia)
- Mental and neurological disorders, etc.
Note that all these diseases are hardly treatable. Unfortunately, once these disorders affect your body, they stay with you for the entire life.
Scientists believe that obesity is caused by not just the amount of food we eat, but also by the lifestyle.
Today, in the age of technological development, people are not very active physically. Technical devices are everywhere; they do things instead of us, starting with housework up to choosing friends and second halves.
However, not only the modern lifestyle can be called an obesity cause. Among many causes, contributing to obesity, we may define the following main groups:
- Hedonistic obesity causes (risk factors – taste, visual and olfactory stimuli).
- Social obesity causes (risk factors – influence of society and parents, versatility and availability of foods, social status).
- Physiological obesity causes (risk factors – endocrine diseases).
Let us take a closer look at these groups, which are the causes of human obesity.
People recognize taste of food through the taste, visual and olfactory analyzers. These analyzers stimulate the activity. Passing by any fast food restaurants, people cannot help but buy something “delicious and yummy”.
Tempting smell of food will hardly tell a person how bad this food is. Analyzing food by smell and shape (marketers did their best job here), human brain gives you “tasty” and “I want this!” signals.
People keep buying and eating fast food without even thinking whether they are actually hungry or not. Note that they get so many excessive calories they can hardly burn throughout a day.
It is getting worse if this “snack” becomes a habit. The thing is that excess calories turn into fat eventually and this fat coats your internal organs. This is the first and main cause of disease, called obesity.
Another cause of obesity is the hypothalamus dysfunction, a part of the brain responsible for the activity of the satiety and hunger centers. In stressful situations, when it is hard to switch your attention from current problems to other subject, the amount of uncontrolled food consumption increases. As a result, people suffer from overeating, which joins the list of obesity causes.
Recently, scientists have calculated that on the average, people watch about 10 000 of commercials per year. The truth is that commercials and advertisements became a part of our lives.
Every day, we are offered to buy, wear, eat or drink something new. Chasing some cheap and tasty goods, we forget about their quality and usefulness.
Our friends and family opinion impacts on our choice of foods. However, the ingredients are the main thing to pay attention to when choosing food.
Social status and income of a person can be called obesity causes as well. Due to high prices on low-calorie foods, few people can afford healthy products these days.
Modern pace of life and low income force people to make the wrong choice of food. While improper culture of eating, an imbalance between physical activity and the amount of food consumed, lead to obesity and comorbidities.
Well, these were just a few obesity causes, actually there are plenty more. You can and you must fight them. Obesity is a successfully treatable disorder. Of course, it is a long-term and a hard work, requiring a strong willpower and a desire of a person to get rid of this disease.