The most common causes of obesity is hereditary predisposition, overeating and sedentary lifestyle. There are other factors too, contributing to accumulation of fat in the body, including an intensive hormone replacement therapy, severe infectious disease, psychogenic overeating, pregnancy and labor.
When developing the anti-obesity program, it is necessary to know and consider the causative factors of obesity. In the end, the success of any weight loss program is determined by the knowledge and by taking into account these factors.
Hereditary predisposition to overweight – is a significant risk factor.
Often, all members of one family suffer from obesity. Herewith, it is easy to say what caused overweight in this family – hereditary predisposition or just family habits (for instance, love for plenty of fatty food).
In tendency to gain weight, childhood is a very dangerous period, when parents teach their children to eat high-calorie foods. Other dangerous moments for people who are prone to obesity, are periods of hormonal changes, pregnancy and other risk factors.
Hereditary predisposition is not a fatal factor. However, people prone to overweight should maximize their efforts to prevent weight gain and obesity.
Overeating – is a causal risk factor, which can progress.
If a person overeats systematically, his body consumes more calories than it can burn during physical activity. As a result, excessive calories are stored in form of fat deposits.
It seems that in case of overeating, the obesity problem can be solved easily. You just have to quit eating too much high-calorie food and your body weight will become normal again.
Still, because the body is under a great stress during the first few days of a low-calorie diet, a person feels a huge need in extra amount of macronutrients, so he starts feeling a sharp hunger.
Increased appetite is a normal reaction of the body to reduced daily nutrition. It is very difficult to fight against increased appetite. However, if you have enough motivation, and you use appetite suppressants, you can learn how to control your appetite and reduce the consumption of sweet, fatty and tasty foods.
Sedentary lifestyle – is a causal risk factor, which can be easily corrected.
First of all, low physical activity is a small energy and calorie expenditure. Therefore, to increase the energy expenditure and stimulate fat burn process, physical loads are needed. The higher the intensity of physical exertion, the higher the rate of fat tissue breakdown and reduction of body fat percentage.
Regular physical loads and active work of muscles not only help to burn fats, but also keep normal metabolism. Hence, in addition to that physical activity provides weight loss; it also helps preventing the occurrence or progression of diseases, caused by metabolic impairment.
Obesity treatment is a complex problem and you might need months or even years to solve it. Because even after an intense anti-obesity therapy and a significant weight loss, the body fat percentage can increase again. Therefore, when you begin to struggle with obesity, you should be disciplined, patient and follow all medical recommendations.
The main recommendations for all the people, suffering from obesity are: to keep a hypocaloric diet, to do physical exercises and not to abuse on potent anorexigenic drugs.
If a psychostimulant with a strong anorexigenic effect (like Phentermine, Methamphetamine, Diethylpropion) was prescribed for anti-obesity therapy, then it should be taken under the supervision of a doctor.